The Migration Development Nexus has increasingly gained interest in development studies as a link creating and hindering development. Thus, no country is unaffected either positively or negatively by migration. In the context of Africa, migration has caused contradictory results. On one part, remittances sent by migrants have increased significantly in the last decades, and have become an important indicator for the economic development of the country. On the other hand, perilous journeys by migrants and the brain drain of skilled workers in the country have become an important impediment for proper service delivery in skills, health, manpower and educational sectors. Despite the various effects of human migration on the population and the government in developing countries, migration, if properly managed, has the potential to deliver major benefits in terms of development and poverty reduction.
In recent times, young women and men from Africa are travelling to the Gulf Regions in search of greener pastures without correct, legitimate and reliable information. They are/can be exploited because there is an expansion of human trafficking and smuggling networks that prey on these migrants.
Additionally, many African intellectuals, entrepreneurs, developers, health workers, engineers, teachers, human resource experts, and other professionals who have the potential and ability to positively contribute to the development of Africa, but they are often misled, deceived, and convinced to migrate to developed countries on promises of better opportunities. Upon arrival in the developed countries, the people who could be helping African development, some become victims of human trafficking and caught in unbearable circumstances.