The Migration Development Nexus has increasingly gained interest in development studies as a link creating and hindering development. Thus, no country is unaffected either positively or negatively by migration. In the context of Africa, migration has caused contradictory results. On one part, remittances sent by migrants have increased significantly in the last decades, and have become an important indicator for the economic development of the country. On the other hand, perilous journeys by migrants and the brain drain of skilled workers in the country have become an important impediment for proper service delivery in skills, health, manpower and educational sectors. Despite the various effects of human migration on the population and the government in developing countries, migration, if properly managed, has the potential to deliver major benefits in terms of development and poverty reduction.
In recent times, young women and men from Africa are travelling to the Gulf Regions in search of greener pastures without correct, legitimate and reliable information. They are/can be exploited because there is an expansion of human trafficking and smuggling networks that prey on these migrants.
Additionally, many African intellectuals, entrepreneurs, developers, health workers, engineers, teachers, human resource experts, and other professionals who have the potential and ability to positively contribute to the development of Africa, but they are often misled, deceived, and convinced to migrate to developed countries on promises of better opportunities. Upon arrival in the developed countries, the people who could be helping African development, some become victims of human trafficking and caught in unbearable circumstances.
Human migration, as old as human being and complex as human character, is unstoppable. Humans will always be moving and have the desire to create a better life for themselves and their families; however, failed migrants reveal that they did not comprehend the consequences of migrating illegitimately and many migrants who return to their native country grapple and struggle to reintegrate into society.
Socio-cultural beliefs, lack of accurate information on migration, lack of development, no proper governmental regulatory system, geographical proximity, local and increasingly global economic, lack of education, and the mind-set of potential migrants that the Western world or the urban areas is a haven for anybody who wants to get rich overnight among others, are factors that contribute to irregular migration with respect to Africans.
The Network of African Organizations for Migration and Development (NAOMID) develops pragmatic solutions to counter irregular migration, human trafficking and protection of vulnerable children on the move as well as empowers and improves migration communities and low income communities through developmental outcomes in a holistic approach for accelerated socio-economic development of Africa.
It seeks to build coordination and strengthen local and transnational cooperation between multi-stakeholders and organizations devoted to improving the migration patterns and development of Africa while combating, irregular migration, human trafficking and protecting vulnerable children on the move for African advancement.
NAOMID works to ensure the safe and dignified management of migration, encourage entrepreneurial skills training, assist in local initiatives for economic empowerment as alternatives to irregular migration and child abuse; promote international cooperation on migration issues, assist in search for practical solutions to migration problems through developmental approaches, and provide humanitarian assistance to migrants in need, reintegration of deportees/stranded migrants, human trafficked victims and vulnerable children on the move for Africa development.